Accidents and Injuries
Young children, especially those who are athletically active, may sustain an injury that causes damage to nerves in the spine or brain. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children sometimes damages nerves in the spinal cord and affects important developmental stages due to a disruption in the normal functions of the nervous system. TBIs or spinal cord injuries (SCIs) in younger patients usually require surgery, which may include procedures to relive brain pressure or repair damage to the spinal cord.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis of neurological problems in children typically involves an evaluation of symptoms and detailed image and neurological testing. Pediatric conditions detected before birth may be treated with surgery just after birth. Sometimes treatment is based on symptoms presented after birth. When conditions cannot be successfully managed with medication and other non-surgical solutions, surgery is often required to correct the damage, remove abnormal tissues, relieve pressure, or restore nerve connections. Common procedures performed include: